The province of Antalya is located in the southwest of Anatolia between 29° 20' - 32° 35' east longitudes and 36° 07' - 37° 2' north latitudes. Its surface area is 2051 km2, which is 2.6% of Turkey's surface area. Antalya Kaleiçi (Old Town) is bordered by the sea in the west, the main streets in the north and east, and the city walls that run parallel to these streets, some of which are still standing today. With these obvious boundary thresholds, Kaleiçi was protected from the construction in the city center, and the traditional texture has been preserved until today, and able to live authentically. Most of the walls are in the shape of a destroyed and faded away horseshoe. Its walls are the joint work of Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman periods.
The settlement pattern of Kaleiçi was formed in two different ways, with the separation of the middle fortification wall along Cami Street and Hıdırlık Street. The area between Cumhuriyet Street and these streets was developed organically in accordance with the topography and the city walls. The sections between the streets are not in a regular order. The size and length of the islands are variable. The area from the Orta Sur Duvarı to the Karaalioğlu park and where the outer walls ending with the Hıdırlık Tower, is grid-textured. Building blocks are generally rectangular in shape. In both patterns, houses face the street with one side and opened onto the garden with the other. Ground floor plans made in accordance with the street are not regular. Plans are arranged by making exits on the first floor. Those exits not only enrich the plan scheme of the building, but also shape the different guidances, streets and small squares.